Motherboard temperature is significant for the overall function and health of your computer. The motherboard is the heart of the computer. All of the processes necessary for running word processing, web browsing, gaming, streaming, and other applications are dependent on the motherboard.
Having a functioning motherboard is essential for connecting the central processing unit with the memory, the power supply, the graphics card, and all the fans inside the case that keep everything cool.
Due to the way that electrons interact with the semiconductors (usually made from silicon) on the motherboard, there is a net increase in electrical conductivity up to a certain threshold temperature. After that threshold temperature has been reached, there is a net decrease in electrical conductivity.
Keeping your average motherboard temp under this threshold temperature will help maximize your performance and prevent damage from occurring to your equipment. Read on to learn more about safe motherboard temperatures and how you can keep your machine from overheating.
- Safe Motherboard Temperature
- Average temperature while idle
- Average temperature while gaming
- Temperature and Electronics
- Without getting into too many technical terms, let’s break down the acronym into things easier to understand:
- Motherboard Overheating
- Decrease a Motherboard’s temperature
- Below are five things you can do to increase cooling and help maintain a standard motherboard temperature:
Safe Motherboard Temperature
In order to be sure that you maintain a normal motherboard temperature you need to make sure that you are keeping your components under the safe motherboard temperature of 80 degrees Celsius. When you exceed 80 degrees Celsius with your motherboard or CPU, then you run the risk of doing damage to your computer equipment with prolonged periods of running your components too hot.
Average temperature while idle
The motherboard temperature range should be somewhere between 20 degrees and 80 degrees Celsius while idle. Unless you have a very cold environment or the best cooler in the world for your components, then you are unlikely to have your motherboard remain at a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius for very long after starting up.
All computers will average around 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit) during regular use, which includes the lower temperatures while idling (around 45 degrees) averaged against the higher temperatures under load while performing heavy tasks such as gaming, or rendering video or audio.
The optimal temperature for CPU on the other hand, can be higher than a motherboard because it is designed with a dedicated heatsink. It is still best to keep it under 80 degrees Celsius, which is the threshold temperature after which performance begins to decrease. CPUs under load from gaming and graphics processing regularly reach 75-80 degrees Celsius. Average temperatures are listed below:
Average temperature while gaming
When more demand is placed on the system, the components have to work harder, and that means that they generate more heat. The heatsinks do their best to cool the parts inside your computer, but eventually the ambient temperature inside the computer case reaches a point where the passive cooling from aluminum fins on the components cannot keep up.
Even with fans that take air into the case and exhaust it out, applications like gaming can routinely push the temperature of the components up anywhere from 50 to 80 degrees Celsius.
Unless you have overclocked your central processing unit and graphics card, the machine should never run hotter than about 80 degrees Celsius. Manufacturers are aware of the limitations of silicon as a substrate material for circuit boards and have designed their products accordingly. In the next section, you will learn more about the relationship between temperature and performance, and why it is important to ensure your devices are properly cooled.
Temperature and Electronics
On a fundamental level, the relationship between temperature and performance is that performance decreases as temperature increases above a certain level, but this is as a result of the way that electrons interact with the circuit board itself. With regard to the motherboard, we are specifically talking about MOSFETs. MOSFET stands for metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor.
Wow, that was a mouthful. No wonder we use acronyms.
Without getting into too many technical terms, let’s break down the acronym into things easier to understand:
Metal-oxide-semiconductor is formed of three parts. It is a sandwich of components with the metal on top to conduct electricity, the oxide in the middle as an insulator, and the silicon semiconductor underneath where electrons flow through channels in the silicon. The metal is where the electrical current is applied, and the oxide keeps the current from going straight through and interfering with electrons moving through the semiconductor.
When negative voltage is applied to the metal side, it creates a negative charge in the metal and a positive charge in the semiconductor (usually silicon) and it takes a while for this charge to build up as electrons move from the silicon layer, through the oxide layer, and into the metal layer.
Field-effect transistors are the major switches controlling electron flow used in integrated circuits. The concept of the field effect transistor is that charge on a nearby object (the MOS) can attract charge in a semiconductor channel, using the properties of an electrical field (hence the name “field effect transistor”). As a result, when enough charge is applied to the system, a control electrode changes its physical state (either “off” or “on”) and the electrons can flow through the channels.
Combining a MOS capacitor with a field effect transistor creates a system where the net electrical current change depends on the amount of voltage necessary for the electrons to move through the circuit board (threshold voltage) and how much current is lost in the MOSFET (leakage current).
Manufacturers typically design the MOSFET such that its threshold voltage decreases with increasing temperature (because the increased temperatures make it easier for the electrons to move through the motherboard). But the leakage current doubles with every 10 Celsius increase, meaning more power is lost the warmer the components get. Temperature affects the workings of the computers because the amount of energy required to complete the circuit is constantly changing.
What all of this means is that because power applied to the capacitors, the speed at which the electrical charge builds up determines how fast electrons can pass through channels in the motherboard and trigger other tasks. Because current can flow faster up to the threshold of 80 degrees, performance increases as the components warm up to that temperature. After 80 degrees, it becomes harder for electrons to pass through this system and performance drops off again after 80 degrees.
First let us look at common reasons for an overheating motherboard. We need to look at the environment that the computer lives in.
Specifically, how much room is there around the computer?
If the computer is closed in a cabinet or if the area particularly dusty, these can lead to overheating the components inside.
The majority of computers are air-cooled devices. That is, for the computer and motherboard to stay cool, there must be plenty of air available around the computer that is cooler than the air inside it. This doesn’t mean it needs to be next to an air conditioner, but there needs to be plenty of fresh air around the computer.
If your computer is confined in a cabinet that is closed on all sides, it may be conveniently hidden out of the way, but then you are guaranteed to have heat issues. Not only are motherboards prone to overheating, but so are power supplies, hard drives, and processors.
Aside from being in a location that restricts airflow, the biggest problem for overheating components is dust. When there is dust clogging the heat sinks and air inlets then the computer cannot breathe, because whatever fresh air is available will not be circulated appropriately.
Decrease a Motherboard’s temperature
When your computer runs programs or otherwise performs tasks, it sends data between various components, such as the processor, memory, hard drive and video card.
All of this data travels through your computer’s primary circuit board, known as the motherboard, in a series of electrical commands. The more commands processed by your motherboard, the more electricity flows through the channels in the semiconductors, and the more heat is created.
Excess motherboard heat can cause your computer to become unstable and fail in unpredictable ways, and the errors you receive may not point you in the direction of overheating at first. If a computer at your home or business is behaving erratically, and you have already investigated and eliminated other common causes such as viruses, try to improve airflow to the computer and decrease the temperature of the motherboard.
Below are five things you can do to increase cooling and help maintain a standard motherboard temperature:
- Open the computer case so you can see the components and check the fans to confirm they operate normally and are aimed in the correct direction for the task. A computer should have at least two fans: one in the front to draw cool air into the case, and another within the power supply to force hot air out of the case. If a fan no longer spins, replace it. If the power supply fan is the one that is not working, this may require replacing the power supply.
- Clean all of the computer’s fans to rid them of debris. Built-up dust increases friction, reduces the fan’s revolutions per minute, and lowers its overall efficiency. Do not attempt to clean the fan in the power supply. This can be dangerous due to the large amounts of electricity that pass through it to run the other components. If a lot of dust has collected inside the power supply, replace it to be safe.
- Sometimes a computer case will have a fan placed on the bottom rather than on the side or the top. If this is your situation and you are experiencing overheating issues, move the computer to a non-carpeted surface. Carpets and other soft surfaces stifle the intakes and prevent bottom-mounted fans from drawing in enough air to keep the motherboard adequately cool.
- Sometimes there is too much energy inside a case for the number of fans. If the current fans are operating properly, but are unable to cool the motherboard sufficiently, then install more. Installing an equal number of intake and exhaust fans will provide the best airflow because you do not have a disproportionate amount of air either being forced into or out of the case.
- Some issues can be solved by replacing the computer’s components with more efficient ones. For example, solid-state hard drives generate far less heat than conventional hard drives which contain motors. Older graphics cards will produce excess heat for the same performance a more contemporary card will provide, and a power supply that is overkill for your system will add extra heat to your computer and extra cost to your energy bill.
A safe motherboard temperature is anything under 80 degrees Celsius, which for a normally functioning computer is very easy to manage. The motherboard will heat up during prolonged sessions where the computer is undergoing constant use such as gaming or other high-demand applications.
Computer components are designed to operate up to 80 degrees, and even high stress components like the CPU and graphics card rarely get far above 75 to 80 degrees. If you are having issues with the motherboard overheating, there are some easy troubleshooting steps you can take to increase the airflow and make sure you have a healthy operating motherboard temperature range.
5/5 - (20 votes)
Generally, a safe motherboard operating temperature sits anywhere between 30 and 80 degrees Celsius (C). If your motherboard temperature is above 80C, it might start to worry you a little, but fret not, it really hasn't crossed danger territory.What is a safe CPU temperature? ›
What CPU temperature is normal? A normal CPU temperature depends on which CPU you use. Generally, anything between 40–65°C (or 104–149°F) is considered a safe heat range for a normal workload.IS 75 C too hot for a PC? ›
Your processor shouldn't be hotter than 75 degrees C (167 degrees F) nor significantly colder than 20 degrees C (68 degrees F). There are numerous things you can do to keep your PC cool, including: Keep your PC well-ventilated. Clear dust from vents and fans.Is 70c safe for CPU? ›
Is 70 Degrees Hot For A CPU? Up to 70 degrees Celsius (160 degrees Fahrenheit) is fine. Your computer will perform at the best of its ability. However, everything over 70 degrees Celsius can start causing problems.What motherboard temp is too high? ›
If your motherboard temperature is going beyond 80 degrees Celsius, then it is too high. You can reduce the temperature of the motherboard by updating the BIOS or by cleaning out the fans. In some cases, you may need to replace old hardware to fix the high temperature.Is 170 degrees hot for a CPU? ›
The acceptable range is between 150 and 160 degrees Fahrenheit (65 to 70 degrees Celcius) when the PC is running essential apps. This temperature can quickly increase to around 175 degrees Fahrenheit (80 degrees Celsius) when playing games or running intensive software.Is a CPU temp of 50 OK? ›
Hope this helps! 10yr Yeah, 50 C idle is normal for laptops. During gaming, it's not uncommon to get above 70 C, so you really have nothing to worry about as long as you keep the vents clean from dust.Is 60c safe for CPU? ›
60 c Is a safe operating temperature for a CPU. This is a bit high if you pc is only idling and not operating any task.Is 80 degrees OK for CPU? ›
Generally speaking, a CPU temperature that is less than 176°F (80°C) while gaming is considered safe. However, if you are concerned about overheating or want to maximize performance, it is best to keep your CPU temperature below 167°F (75°C).Is 95 degrees too hot for CPU? ›
But, as a generalization that might help you identify a serious problem, if you have an Intel or AMD processor, you could say that a CPU core temperature of over 45-degrees Celsius while idling and/or a temperature of over 95-degrees Celsius while under full load is probably a cause for concern.
Once you start hitting and exceeding 100 Degrees Celsius, your CPU starts being put at risk of damage and will start thermal throttling in hopes of reducing its temperature. If this still isn't enough, your CPU or whatever you're stressing it with will likely crash soon after.What is too hot for a PC? ›
“Typically, anywhere up to 70 degrees Celsius [158 degrees Fahrenheit] is okay, but if it gets hotter, you might start having problems,” says Silverman. Your CPU and GPU will usually start throttling themselves between 90 and 105 degrees Celsius (that's 194 to 221 degrees Fahrenheit), depending on the model.How can I tell if my PC is overheating? ›
- System boots up but shuts down automatically after a short period of time.
- Reported CPU operating frequency is less than expected.
- Evidence of CPU throttling.
- General slowness of system.
- CPU/system fan noise is excessive.
Gaming laptop CPU's will run as fast as possible until they reach 100C where thermal throttling will engage to keep them from going above 100C.How do I cool down my motherboard? ›
- Maintain Proper Ventilation. Lack of proper ventilation is the most frequent reason for motherboard heating. ...
- Update Your BIOS. ...
- Add More Fans. ...
- Check Heatsink Contact. ...
- Replace Heatsink with A Fan. ...
- Use Branded PSU. ...
- Upgrade Your Components. ...
- Disable Overclocking.
90 degrees is quite hot for most CPUs and GPUs. Usually the computer has a safety system built in to it which shuts down the computer if the CPU goes over 90 degrees. Although during gaming it could get quite high depending on the following factors: The computer specs (including age of CPU and GPU, etc.)Is CPU 85 temp too high? ›
Yes, 85 degrees Celsius it too high for a CPU. In order for this temperature to happen, the CPU would be working almost at 100%, which is not uncommon, but ti can happen. If it is for a short period of time, it might be ok. Try not to keep it running at that temperature for long periods of time.How hot is too hot? ›
People often point to a study published in 2010 that estimated that a wet-bulb temperature of 35 C – equal to 95 F at 100 percent humidity, or 115 F at 50 percent humidity – would be the upper limit of safety, beyond which the human body can no longer cool itself by evaporating sweat from the surface of the body to ...How can I make my CPU cooler? ›
- Keep your system away from vents and windows. ...
- Give your system some breathing room. ...
- Close your system's case. ...
- Clean your fans. ...
- Upgrade your CPU fan. ...
- Add a case fan. ...
- Add a memory cooling fan. ...
- Check your system's power supply fan.
When computers overheat it is typically due to the central processing unit (CPU) being too hot. This can happen for a number of reasons such as lack of ventilation, dust or malfunctioning parts. If you begin to notice that your computer is hotter than normal, you will want to know how to check your CPU temp.
Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia (hi-poe-THUR-me-uh) occurs as your body temperature falls below 95 F (35 C).What is the lowest temp a computer can handle? ›
Laptops have been designed to work within a safe temperature range, typically between 50 to 95 degrees F (10 - 35 degrees C). This range refers to the optimal usage temperature of the outside environment and the temperature the laptop should be warmed to before using.How often do you need to replace thermal paste? ›
How Often Should You Replace Thermal Paste? In most cases, you shouldn't need to reapply more than once every few years, though you should replace your paste if you remove your cooler for any reason. You may also want to consider reapplying thermal paste if you find your CPU temperatures are climbing.Is 62 too hot for CPU? ›
The majority of today's desktop processors should not exceed temperatures of 45-50°C when idle, or 80°C when under full load.Is 80c safe for GPU? ›
Optimum GPU gaming temperatures range from 65 to 85°C (149° to 185°F) under normal use conditions. It is important to note that GPU temperatures depend on the GPU's manufacturer and model. Additionally, the optimal GPU temperature for gaming shouldn't exceed 85°C (185°F), even if some are rated higher.What is a good CPU temp idle? ›
So, what are good idle CPU temps? Generally speaking, you should expect your CPU to stay at or under around 40 Degrees Celsius (or roughly 20°C above ambient temperature).Is 78 too hot for PC? ›
In general, anything above 80 degrees Celsius or 176 degrees Fahrenheit is dangerous for your CPU. In more extreme cases if the temperature reaches 90 degrees Celsius (194 Fahrenheit) or more this may become disastrous for your processor.How long can a CPU run at 90c? ›
At that temp the cpu should last 10+ years, your mobo is much more likey to fail. CPU's are hard to kill.Is 90 degrees Celsius hot for a GPU? ›
Most GPUs can operate normally up to about 90 degrees Celsius. Going higher than that will induce thermal throttling, which lowers the GPU clock to keep the card below dangerous temperatures. So, in general, an operating temperature of 90 degrees Celsius is considered too high.Is 90 degree too hot? ›
The National Weather Service has outlines for what it considers safe, and what is a dangerous heat index. A heat index over 90 degrees, you're supposed to use extreme caution, and a heat index over 103 degrees is consider dangerous.
It's going to get hotter, and your PC is not going to like it. Desktop PC's and Solid-state drives tend to slow down, become less stable and can crash during heat that goes above 26 degrees or 65% humidity. But you can keep your PC running. All you've got to do is practice a bit of common sense.What happens if my CPU hits 100 degrees? ›
Yes it's too hot it can damage your processor chip .Can your PC get damaged from being to hot? ›
When the temperatures outside are extremely hot, it can shorten the lifespan of hardware inside your computer. This can lead to damage that cannot be undone, and also might lead to data loss.IS 100C too hot for GPU? ›
Modern NVIDIA GPUs should stay below 85C under full load to be safe, although many can exceed this by a few degrees before hitting their max temperatures. Modern AMD GPUs should stay below 100C under full load to be safe, although the most recent AMD GPUs hit their max temperature at 110C.How do I know if my CPU is damaged? ›
One of the most common signs of CPU failure is the random freezing of your computer, usually after just logging into the operating system. The system won't respond to any of your instructions. The mouse freezes on the screen and any attempt to use the keyboard will result in a series of short beeps.Should I worry about my PC getting hot? ›
Heat is the deadly enemy of electronic components. In extreme cases the computer will crash if it gets too hot. Even if it doesn't crash, overheating drastically shortens the life of components such as processors and hard drives.What are the signs of CPU failure? ›
- Your computer is taking a long time to start up. ...
- Your computer is running slowly. ...
- Your computer is crashing or freezing often. ...
- You're getting blue screens often. ...
- Your computer's fans are spinning unusually fast. ...
- Programs are running slowly or not at all. ...
- Your internet browser keeps freezing up.
A good temperature for your desktop computer's CPU is around 120℉ when idle, and under 175℉ when under stress. If you're using a laptop, you should look for CPU temperatures between 140℉ and 190℉. If your CPU heats up beyond about 200℉, your computer can experience glitches, or simply shut down.IS 110 C too hot for CPU? ›
CPU core temperatures of more than 110 degrees is too high and make the processor stop working. If really temp is over 110 degrees system will likely crash and there could be nasty situation.Is 40 degrees Celsius hot for a motherboard? ›
Is 40 Degrees Celsius Hot for a Motherboard? Any temperature below 50 degrees Celsius is fine and usually the benchmark for a computer in everyday use. So, 40 degrees Celsius (or 104 degrees Fahrenheit) is definitely not hot for a motherboard.
Between 70 and 80 degrees Celsius (158 to 175 degrees Fahrenheit) is a safe range for gaming. It indicates that the CPU is working hard, but there's not much worry about lasting issues. That changes when temperatures rise beyond 80 degrees Celsius.Is 85 too hot for CPU? ›
Yes, 85 degrees Celsius it too high for a CPU. In order for this temperature to happen, the CPU would be working almost at 100%, which is not uncommon, but ti can happen. If it is for a short period of time, it might be ok. Try not to keep it running at that temperature for long periods of time.Is 45 degrees OK for a CPU? ›
But, as a generalization that might help you identify a serious problem, if you have an Intel or AMD processor, you could say that a CPU core temperature of over 45-degrees Celsius while idling and/or a temperature of over 95-degrees Celsius while under full load is probably a cause for concern.Is 50 degrees Celsius too hot for PC? ›
Hope this helps! 10yr Yeah, 50 C idle is normal for laptops. During gaming, it's not uncommon to get above 70 C, so you really have nothing to worry about as long as you keep the vents clean from dust.Is 90 degrees fine for CPU? ›
Yes, 90c is the high end or the max from most CPUs on the market. I would highly recommend looking into upgrading the PC case, replacing the thermal paste, cleaning your computer fans, and verifying your computer PC case fans are properly working.IS 91 C too hot for CPU? ›
If you are hovering around 70 to 80 degrees Celsius, some would say that it is generally safe. While it is a little bit safe, it is already near the danger levels of overheating as going close to 90 degrees while gaming can get your CPU damaged over time.Is 110f to hot for a CPU? ›
CPU core temperatures of more than 110 degrees is too high and make the processor stop working. If really temp is over 110 degrees system will likely crash and there could be nasty situation.