Belt Conveyor Systems | Conveyor Belt Types | Designs, Benefits, Uses (2022)

What is a belt conveyor system?

Belt Conveyor systems are the most versatile and simplest material handling systems. They work with two or more pulleys driving an endless loop belt. The loop then moves a product from Point A to Point B on the belt. We use belts made from fabric or rubber. Belt conveyors are commonly used in both manufacturing and distribution facilities.

Ultimation designs and builds systems from 5′ long to 102′ long and in widths from 6″ wide belts up to 72″ wide. They are great for transporting regular and irregular shaped objects. Typical items transported on these conveyors include totes, packaged goods and bulk boxes. Due to their simplicity in design and construction, motorized belt conveyors are easily installed. Ultimation can guide you through the selection process of the models available. Heavy duty styles are available as well as lighter duty models. The variations are endless, but most are quite simple.

If you’re ready to buy, we have links to some models right here on this page. Other quick-ship models are listed in our online store. We’ve implemented thousands of systems, and there are hundreds of combinations available.

Belt Conveyors for Industrial and Warehouse Applications

A belt conveyor system can be implemented with a very economical cost per foot of the conveyor for many warehouse and industrial applications. Because it includes just one motor and a simple belt system they are quite simple. Hence they’re often one of the first productivity improvement purchases that a growing company will make. Although there are many belt conveyor types, the simplest style is known as a slider bed style. When linked together with sensors and other automation equipment a conveyor belt system can greatly enhance productivity.

The weakness for them though is that generally they are only used for transport applications. This means that the belt conveyor equipment just moves the product from point A to point B. This may be sufficient, but a belt conveyor cannot typically buffer or accumulate the parts. Nor are they typically used as a working surface for production team members. As one of the leading online belt conveyor manufacturers, Ultimation can guide you through the pros and cons of the different types of belt conveyors. We’ll also help you compare if another different type of conveyor would be a better choice.

What are the types of conveyor belt systems?

  • Slider Bed Belt Conveyor
  • Roller Bed
  • Incline Belt – Slider
  • Incline Belt – Roller
  • Troughed Belt Conveyor
  • Trough Drum conveyor belt

Looking for a conveyor belt for sale? These models shown below are a small sample of the variations available from our catalog. You can download the full catalog from this page or call our team for help.


Belt Conveyor Advantages – Use them to:

  • Move simple products from one location to another
  • Move products up or down inclines. Check with our engineers on the highest angle for your product. We generally limit the incline of a belt style system to 25 degrees
  • Move in either continuous or indexing modes. The belt can stop and starts each time to move a product. If you place a sensor at the end of the belt, the conveyor can stop. In other cases, packages are loaded and unloaded from a continuously running belt
  • Use when changing the speed is necessary. We can add a VFD (variable frequency drive) for speed control. This works by changing the frequency of the electrical current. A powered conveyor with a belt is a simple conveyor to adjust the speed on
  • Moving a product around curves. Curve style systems are available to maintain the proper product orientation while a product moves around the curve

Disadvantages – Don’t use them if you need:

  • Accumulating products (i.e. for a buffer). Belt style conveyors can’t allow the products to nest up against each other (“accumulate”). If you let products pile up against each other, they will get damaged. You could also have problems with them pushing product off the belt. If you need accumulation, use a roller conveyor or overhead conveyor. Accumulation means buffering.
  • Products that won’t slide or roll off the belt. A powered belt system requires the part to ride on the belt without sliding. If you need the parts to be held while on the conveyor, there are other alternatives. Consider a slat conveyor which can be fitted with tooling to hold the product in place. As the conveyor moves along the product rides in the tooling on the slats.
  • To use the conveyor as a working surface. Belt style conveyors are made for transport, not for production operations on them. Use a slat conveyor or roller conveyor for these type of situations.

Different types of belt material choices

  • General purpose belting material
  • Rough top belt – for extra grip on inclines, declines and products that might slide
  • Higher chemical resistance – for best protection from chemicals
  • Cut resistant conveyor belt material – for rough or sharp items like sheet metal or bricks. The extreme heavy duty belts are very strong
  • High temperature conveyor belt. For parts coming out of hot presses, we have belt materials available. In some cases, belt conveyors can run through lower temperature ovens.

Styles available in custom configurations:

Depending upon the product weight and type, we have many different types of powered belt style conveyors. The styles are available for handling the loads with product weights from 5 lbs. up to 1,280 lbs.

  • Heavy Duty models with channel frames
  • Belt curves
  • Incline style
  • Troughed belt (with side rails to keep products on the belt)
  • Bolt-together or welded construction dependent upon duty
  • Belt widths up to 72” for heavy duty
  • Lengths in 1’ increments ranging from 5’ to 102’
  • Multiple drive packages and mounting options
  • Power Belt Curves and Belt Inclines available
  • Various head pulley and tail pulley sizes and styles available

Conveyor Belt Definition

Are they called “conveyor belts” or “belt conveyors”? Technically the entire assembly as shown here is known as a belt conveyor, or a belt conveyor system. The belting material is fabric, rubber or flexible plastic. It’s the belting material itself that is the “conveyor belt”. They are sometimes also called “conveyor belt system” to mean a system. This comprises the actual conveyor belt and the movement system for the belt. They move the belt across a supporting steel plate so that as the belt moves it is supported from below. This style is a slider bed style. Alternatively, the belt is supported on top of spaced rollers. This style is a roller belt style or roller conveyor belt.

If you would like to get into greater technical detail, this PDF on belt conveyor design is available for sale from the Conveyor Equipment Manufacturers Association.

Electric motor options

Electric motors that conveyor belt manufacturers use are both AC and DC models. In the AC range, you can use 120VAC for lighter duty models. 230V and 480V three phase models are common in heavier industrial operations. All are available with optional variable speed controllers.

The 24V DC model belt systems come with their own power supply. You can plug them in to a regular wall outlet. All 24V models come with variable speed controllers standard.

Conveyors for bulk materials like coal or minerals have special requirements. Ultimation focuses on industrial conveyors for unit (individual) loads. Bulk material loads for grain, coal, sand and other materials use different systems.

Call us. Our staff are ready to help.

  • Ready to buy standard models? Click here to go to our online store. We have many conveyor belt systems for sale. Fast shipping is available on some ‘quick ship’ models.
  • Call us on 586-771-1881. As a leading conveyor belt manufacturer, we know all the types of conveyor systems. Our staff will help you with the necessary calculations. This includes load, speed and everything else you need.
  • Need helplearning about other conveyor types, which types to use and how to specify them? This step by step guide will help.

Common Industries and Applications:

(Video) Advantages And Disadvantages Of Belt Drive | Advantages of Belt Drive | Disadvantages of Belt Drive


Our online store is open 24/7. We have 1,000’s of conveyors and parts available at discount prices for fast shipping. Order by 3pm Eastern Time for same day shipping.



PDF Ultimation Belt Conveyor Catalog


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(Video) Belt Conveyor Design, Working Principle, Designation of Conveyor Belt

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(Video) Conveyor Belt | Conveyor belt length calculation in Roll |


What is the use of belt conveyor? ›

Belt conveyors can be used to transport products in a straight line or through changes in elevation or direction. For conveying Bulk Materials like Grains, Ore, Coal, Sand etc., over gentle slopes or gentle curvatures, a troughed belt conveyor is used.

What is conveyor system design? ›

The most common conveyor system designs use a rotor to power the drive pulley and belt. The belt remains attached to the rotor through the friction between the two surfaces. For the belt to move effectively, both the drive pulley and idler must run in the same direction, either clockwise or counterclockwise.

What are the types of belts? ›

These five types are:
  • Round belt.
  • Flat belt.
  • V belt.
  • Toothed belt.
  • Link belt.
Feb 8, 2022

How many types of belts are there? ›

What are the types of belts? There are three types of power transmission belts: flat belt, V belt, and synchronous belt. Round belts. Round belts are generally made of rubber.

What is belt system? ›

Belt Conveyor systems are the most versatile and simplest material handling systems. They work with two or more pulleys driving an endless loop belt. The loop then moves a product from Point A to Point B on the belt. We use belts made from fabric or rubber.

What is conveyor & its types? ›

Conveyor types, categories and uses

Common types are belt, roller, motorized roller and overhead conveyors. We categorize them as floor style (mounted on the floor) or overhead. Use them to move products, create buffers and deliver products in sequence for a production line.

What is conveyor belt material? ›

Generally, conveyor belts are made from a rubber or plastic compound combined with one or more layers of fabric material or different diameters of steel cables. A conveyor belt may be made from polyvinyl chloride and fabric such as polyester or styrene-butadiene rubber and several layers of polyester or nylon fabric.

How do you design a conveyor system? ›

When you design your conveyor system, you will need to consider the following specifications:
  1. Throughput.
  2. Maximum load capacity.
  3. Conveying Speed.
  4. Trough Size.
  5. Trough Material.
  6. Conveyed material size & bulk density.
  7. Drive location.
May 18, 2022

What is a conveyor give its benefits in the warehouse? ›

The main purpose of using a conveyor system is to transfer objects from one place to another, and it is usually used for the objects that are too heavy to be transported by humans or are larger in quantity. They can also save you a lot of time and can help you fasten things up in your warehouse or factory.

How many wheels are in a conveyor belt? ›

The Basics of a Conveyor Belt

This conveyor loop is generally attached to two wheels, called rotors, which are spun by motors. The conveyor belt has enough friction between it and the rotor that it sticks to this rotor.

How are conveyor belts designed? ›

The design of conveyor belts includes two motorized pulleys with the conveyor material looped over them. The pulleys operate at the same speed and move in the same direction to activate the motion of the conveyor belt. There is an endless number of types and uses for conveyor belts.

What is conveyor principle? ›

A conveyor belt works by using two motorized pulleys that loop over a long stretch of thick, durable material. When motors in the pulleys operate at the same speed and spin in the same direction, the belt moves between the two.

What is belt conveyor PDF? ›

Conveyors: Simply, that convey material. Conveyors are mechanical devices or assemblies used to move items or packages with minimal effort. They usually consist of frames that support rollers, wheels, or belts and may be motor powered or manual devices.

What is a belt? ›

1 : a strip of flexible material (as leather or cloth) worn around a person's body for holding in or supporting something (as clothing or weapons) or for ornament. 2 : a flexible endless band running around wheels or pulleys and used for moving or carrying something a fan belt on a car.

What is a Type V belt? ›

V-belts are belts with a trapezoidal cross-section. Like other types of belts, they are used to transmit power or torque from the driving component to the driven component.

What is belt and type of belt? ›

Round belts are are generally made of rubber. This type of belt is generally used for light loads, such as in a sewing machine or a vacuum cleaner. V belts. V belts are arguably the most widely used belts in industry. V belts have a V shaped cross-section, which rests against the side of V pulley under tension.

Where are V belts used? ›

V-belts are used to transmit mechanical power efficiently between different parts of a machine. They are commonly used on automobile engines to drive accessories, such as the air conditioning compressor, power steering pump, alternator, and fan.

What is slip belt? ›

Answer: Slip : When the frictional grip becomes insufficient. This may cause some forward motion of the driver without carrying the belt with it. This may also cause some forward motion of the belt without carrying the driven pulley with it. This is called slip of the belt and is generally expressed as a percentage.

What is creep of belt? ›

The name "creep" comes from the fact that frictional forces cause a change in belt tension thereby causing the elastic belt to extend and contract. This action results in relative motion between the belt and pulley surfaces which is termed elastic creep.

What is flat belt? ›

Flat belts are designed for light-duty power transmission and high-performance conveying. They are best-suited for applications with smaller pulleys and large central distances. Flat belts can connect inside and outside pulleys and can come in both endless and jointed construction.

What is V belt pulley? ›

V-belt pulleys (also called vee belt sheaves) are devices which transmit power between axles by the use of a v-belt, a mechanical linkage with a trapezoidal cross-section. Together these devices offer a high-speed power transmission solution that is resistant to slipping and misalignment.

What is conveyor & its types? ›

Conveyor types, categories and uses

Common types are belt, roller, motorized roller and overhead conveyors. We categorize them as floor style (mounted on the floor) or overhead. Use them to move products, create buffers and deliver products in sequence for a production line.

What are the two types of conveyors? ›

Types of conveyor systems
  • Aero-mechanical conveyors.
  • Automotive conveyors.
  • Belt conveyor.
  • Belt-driven live roller conveyors.
  • Bucket conveyor.
  • Chain conveyor.
  • Chain-driven live roller conveyor.
  • Drag conveyor.
Mar 18, 2020


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